Why the process required?
This procedure is designed for an outpatient process in which the interior of the large intestine is examined. Generally colonoscopy is used to appraise gastrointestinal symptoms, like rectal and intestinal bleeding, abdominal pain, or changes in bowel habits. It is also performed in single without symptoms to make sure for colorectal polyps or cancer. It’s recommended for anyone 50 years of age and older, and for every one with siblings or children with a history of cancer or polyps.
What are the test before colonoscopy?
To accomplish a successful colonoscopy, the bowel must be clean so that the physician can noticeably view the colon. Without proper researching, the colonoscopy will not be successful and the test may have to be repeated.
What is a Colonoscopy?
Term “colonoscopy” means looking in colon and it is procedure done commonly by the gastroenterologist, well trained subspecialist. Colon, and large bowel, is last portion of the digestive and GI tract. It begins at cecum that attaches to end of small intestine, that ends at rectum & anus. Colon is hollow tube around 5 feet long, and the main function is storing unabsorbed food products before the elimination.
Main instrument, which is been used to look in colon is colonoscope that is long, thin, and flexible tube with small video camera as well as light on end. By adjusting various controls on colonoscope, gastroenterologist will very carefully guide instrument in any of the direction to look at inside of colon. Quality picture from colonoscope is shown on TV monitor as well as gives clear detailed view. The colonoscopy is precise than the x-ray.
The procedure allows some other instruments to get passed through colonoscope. These are used, for instance, to painlessly remove suspicious-looking growth and to take the biopsy –small piece for more analysis. And in this way, the colonoscopy might help to avoid the surgery and better define what kind of the surgery might have to be done.
The shorter version of colonoscope is named sigmoidoscope, the instrument that is used to screen lower part of large bowel only. Colonoscope, however, is very long enough inspecting all of large bowel & part of small intestine.
How it is done?
During procedure, everything is done to make sure the comfort and intravenous, nd IV, line is inserted to give you the medication to make you very much relaxed & drowsy. Drug can allow you remain awake & cooperative, however it might prevent you from remembering a lot of experience.
When you are relaxed, then your doctor can do rectal exam with gloved, and lubricated finger; and then lubricated colonoscope is gently inserted.