Arthroscopy knee surgical procedure in which is a small fiberoptic telescope injected into a joint. Fluid is then inserted into the pain joint to distend the gap and to approve for the visualization of the structures within that joint. Usually the surgery is outlook on a monitor so that the whole operating team is aware of the type of surgical process that is being performed. The arthroscopy knee is predictably 5 mm in diameter, so the incisions are very small. This procedure is undergoing general anesthesia so that the patient can asleep through the procedure. This is a common type of surgery involved removal or repair of a torn meniscus, ligament reconstruction, removal of loose debris, and trimming damaged cartilage. After inserting the miniature camera, below fourth of inch in diameter, in the incision in knee, and it is also attached to monitor to allow surgeon view of knee tissue. In a few cases, patient will opt to observe surgery from the monitor.
It is the simple surgical treatment requiring just local and regional anaesthesia to numb operation site. All over surgery, patient stays lucid & responsive. But, extensive surgery can need general anaesthetic, rendering patient to sleep without any pain. In order, to expand joint & help stop an excessive bleeding, saline solution is been pumped in pressure consequent to camera insertion and tourniquet might get applied to halt bleeding. After probing knee to assess damage, surgeon can make up to 4 other additional cuts for insertion of some other instruments like:
· Blunt hook – to pull on knee & cartilage tissue
· Shaver – for removal and smoothening of the damaged & uneven soft tissues
· Burr – used for removing the uneven and jagged particles of the bone
· Heat probe – eradicate synovitis from joint
While surgery is done, saline solution is been drained from knee, incisions are all stitched closed, and bandage and dressing is applied. Most of the surgeons document procedure by pictures from video monitor so patient will see steps undertaken during surgery.
Reasons for Surgery
Arthroscopy is also undertaken for the knee disorders that include:
* Repair and removal of torn meniscus
* Mild types of the arthritis
* Removal of the loose fragments of bone and cartilage floating within knee joint
* Repairing torn and damaged anterior cruciate and posterior cruciate ligament
* Inflammation and damage of synovium (joint lining)
* Alignment of skewed patella (that is knee cap)